Bharat Bhavan has a huge collection of folk and tribal art of Madhya Pradesh. Art-works of tribes such as Baiga, Bhil, Bhilala, Gond, Agarya, Mariya, Korku, Korva, Pradhan and many others are included in this collection. The art works of this collection are displayed in the Tribal Art Gallery.
The idea behind this gallery is not just to show-case the tribal – folk art objects, but also to juxtapose the urban art with tribal-folk art so that an interactive proximity could be established between the two. It is also an assertion of the fact that the contemporaneity in arts in India cannot be defined properly without including the tribal and folk creativity.
Modern art gallery came into existence at the time of the inauguration of Bharat Bhavan in 1982. The gallery was planned and conceived with the view of housing the most representative works of contemporary Indian art scene.
Here are collected the works of such luminaries of contemporary Indian art as Tayab Mehta, Krishna Khanna, Maqbool Fida Hussain, Akbar Padamsee, K.G. Subramaniam, Nagjibhai Patel, Ghulam Mohd. Sheikh, Vikas Bhattacharya, Jagdish Swaminathan and Manjit Bawa. Apart from these a host of other equally gifted painters, sculptors, ceramists and printmakers have been represented.